What is a yield-forecasting tool and how is this tool used? How well does it predict corn yields in KS compared to actual yields? Find out more in this article.
Be ready for the 2020 growing season with these three updated crop management publications from the Department of Agronomy and K-State Research and Extension. These comprehensive guides are written specifically for Kansas and contain valuable agronomic information.
The 2019 Kansas Performance Tests with Corn Hybrids report is now available.Corn performance tests are conducted each year by the Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station. Producers and crop consultants can use this resource to help select corn hybrids for their operation.
Optimal corn seeding rates can depend on a number of different factors. K-State's Crop Production Specialist, Dr. Ciampitti, discusses those factors and offers guidelines for producers as corn planting time draws closer.
Selection of the optimal planting date is an important decision faced by all farmers. Rather than looking at the calendar, farmers should monitor soil temperature and moisture. Read the latest update from K-State Extension Agronomy.
Applications of pre-emergence herbicides at or before corn planting are important to minimize yield losses to early-emerging weeds. Learn more about this weed management practice in this article.
What types of considerations concerning placement and rates of starter fertilizer should producers keep in mind this spring? Read more from Dr. Ruiz Diaz, K-State's Soil Fertility Extension Specialist.
As air temperatures keep fluctuating, so the soil temperatures. Producers need to closely monitor current soil temps and the upcoming weather forecasts to avoid any potential seedling injury to corn this spring.
Cold temperatures can result in injury to the germinating corn seed as it absorbs moisture - a problem called imbibitional chilling injury. Damage can occur when soil temperatures are at or below 50 F.
Getting a good stand of corn, with vigorous early-season growth, is the first step in getting desirable yields. When adverse conditions occur after planting and emergence, producers monitor the crop for early-season growth problems.
As a cool front impacts Kansas in early May, keep an eye soil temperatures with respect to planting corn and soybeans. Chilling injury can occur if soil temperatures drop too low.
Soil temperatures continue to take a roller coaster ride heading into mid-May. Extension Agronomy has been continually monitoring both soil and air temperatures this spring. Read this latest update here.
According to the latest USDA report, corn planting in Kansas is well over halfway complete for the 2020 season. How does this compare with previous years? What is the outlook moving into the last week of May?
Cool temperatures this spring, combined with recent rainfall, has slowed plant growth for newly-emerged corn. As a result, purple discoloration is showing up in some fields. Dr. Ignacio Ciampitti discusses this phenomenon and its implications.
Some recent storms and high winds this spring have caused significant stalk breakage in corn fields. With these storms, it is not unusual to have up to 40% of stalks in some fields broken off at ground level. This is usually referred to as green snap, brittle corn, or brittle snap.
There are several leaf diseases that can infect corn in Kansas in any given year. They can all be controlled with some combination of hybrid selection, tillage management, crop rotation, planting dates, or foliar fungicides.
Plant analysis is an excellent in-season “quality control” tool. Plant analysis can be used by Kansas farmers in two basic ways: for diagnostic purposes, and for monitoring nutrient levels at a common growth stage.
The month of June has been hot across many locations in Kansas. The combination of heat and drought stress during certain growth stages in corn can be problematic. Read more from Cropping Specialist Ignacio Ciampitti and the Kansas Climate team.
Corn producers should be scouting fields and assessing the need for a foliar fungicide application. Learn about the different disease risks factors for corn and when treatment is recommended for susceptible and intermediate hybrids.
Southern rust in corn has been detected in both Kansas and Nebraska. Get answers to the most common questions associated with this corn disease in this article from K-State Plant Pathology.
Recent high temperatures occurred at a particularly critical period for the Kansas corn crop. Temperatures last week were unfavorable for a significant portion of Kansas. Heat stress during critical stages could lead to yield reductions.
Once tasseling, silking, and pollination are complete, or nearly complete, producers can begin to estimate corn yield potential. To get a reasonable yield estimate, corn should be in the milk, dough, or dent stage. Learn how to get an early estimate of yield potential in this article.
What diseases are cropping up in corn and soybean fields this summer? For corn, most fungicide applications have been made, except for late-planted fields. Soybeans are generally looking good. Read more about what diseases have been found in soybean fields.
As the end of the growing season arrives in Kansas, a common question from growers relates to the dry down for corn. This rate depends on the weather, primarily temperature and moisture conditions. Learn more in this article from Dr. Ciampitti.
There have been reports of "droopy" ears in some corn fields across parts of Kansas. What factors led to this issue and what is the potential impact to final yield in those fields?
The 2021 K-State Corn Management publication is now available online. This publication is a great resource and covers all aspects of corn production in Kansas.
In general, disease pressure was lower than normal for corn, soybeans, and grain sorghum. The dry weather at critical growth periods contributed to lower incidences of yield-limiting diseases. Read more in this article from Extension Plant Pathology.
The 2020 Kansas Performance Tests with Corn Hybrids report is now available. This resource can help growers select corn hybrids for their operation by checking for varieties that show a consistently good performance in their region.
Residual herbicides that kill weed seeds/seedlings as they germinate or emerge are an important component of herbicide applications at or before the time of corn planting. Learn about the different options in this article from Weeds Specialist Sarah Lancaster.
Deciding on the optimal corn seeding rates for your fields can be tricky when you factor in the hybrid, environmental conditions, and management practices. Learn more about this process and what new research is being done at K-State to help producers make this decision.
Cold temperatures can result in injury to the germinating seed as it is absorbing moisture – a problem called imbibitional chilling injury. Damage to germinating seeds can occur when soil temperatures remain at or below 50 degrees F after planting.
Many parts of Kansas have received considerable amounts of rain the last couple of weeks. If corn has been planted, standing water or saturated soil conditions in areas of a field can produce impacts now or later for corn. Read about the potential impacts to corn in this article.
Plant analysis is an excellent in-season “quality control” tool. It can be especially valuable for managing secondary and micronutrients that do not have high-quality, reliable soil tests available, and for providing insight into how efficiently you are using applied nutrients.
There are many disease organisms that can result in the reduction of corn yields in Kansas. The root-lesion nematode operates below ground on the roots and often has no identifiable symptoms other than yield loss.
This article provides an update on the status southern rust and common rust on corn in Kansas as of June 25, 2021. Also discussed is an unusual symptom showing up in select northeast Kansas field called lesion mimic.
Corn producers in Kansas should be scouting fields and assessing the need for a foliar fungicide application. Different diseases are discussed in this article with management recommendations.
Southern rust has been detected in southern Kansas. This is the first confirmed report in Kansas for this growing season. Corn producers are encouraged to be actively scouting their fields. This disease can spread quickly if temperature and humidity are high.
Southern rust has been reported in two additional counties in Kansas since the last update on July 8. While levels are low, recent weather in some areas has been favorable for disease development. Early detection is crucial for successful management of this corn disease.
With pollination complete or mostly complete in corn fields across Kansas, producers can begin to get an estimate of the yield potential. This article discusses using the yield component method to estimate corn yields in the weeks before harvest.
Corn fields in Kansas are rapidly approaching maturity and harvest is just around the corner! Don't forget to sign up for the 2021 Corn Yield Contest. Initial entry deadlines are coming up soon. See this article for more information on this year's contest.
As the corn crop in Kansas approaches maturity, some reports are coming in regarding "droopy" ears. Learn more about this corn productions issue and what the potential impacts might be when it's harvest time.
Corn tillering is a form of plant adaptation to the growing conditions. Historically, corn tillers have been viewed negatively, although research studies have shown conflicting results about yield impacts. A new study, with sites across KS, has shed some light on the tillering impacts to corn yield.
Stalk lodging in corn occurs when the stalk weakens and breaks at some point below the ear. When this occurs, it results in harvest losses and slows down harvest. This article discusses the most common causes for stalk lodging in corn.
K-State Research and Extension is partnering with Kansas Corn to offer five winter learning sessions for Kansas corn farmers. The schools will cover a number of issues facing corn producers and are tailored to each region.
K-State Research and Extension has recently released two updated publications for the 2022 growing season: Kansas Corn Management and Kansas Soybean Management. These comprehensive guides are written specifically for Kansas and offer valuable, up-to-date information.
There are three in-person Corn Schools still on the calendar (Salina, Parsons, and Hiawatha). Get registered to attend of these events. There is also a virtual Corn School scheduled for February 3rd. Don't miss your chance to attend this popular event!
Last week, we shared some general information about applying pre-emergence herbicides for kochia control. This article focuses on specific recommendations for fields going to corn or grain sorghum this growing season.
The optimal corn seeding rate can depend on several different factors. This article offers guidelines that can help producers understand the different factors in order to make the best decision when selecting a corn seeding rate.
As planting season for corn is around the corner, producers need to determine their corn seeding rates. Plant density needs to be determined seasonally, depending on the expected growing conditions. In rainy years, a producer may increase the target plant density and obtain an increase in profit provided there is sufficient nitrogen fertilization. Under dry conditions, farmers should consider cutting back on plant density. This applies primarily to dryland corn production.
Yields of dryland corn are often related to the conditions at pollination. Yields of late-planted dryland corn can range from 50 to 70% to more than 100% of the highest yield of corn at earlier planting dates, depending on environmental conditions. Late-planted dryland corn does best when conditions are unfavorable (too cool and wet) early, but then become more favorable in mid-summer. On the other hand, yields of late-planted corn typically decrease dramatically when conditions are favorable early in the season, but become hot and dry in mid-summer.
K-State Research and Extension has released a new publication summarizing the results and management practices from the 2021 Kansas Corn Yield Contest. The publication, MF3463 is titled Kansas Corn Yield Contest, High-Yield Management 2021.
There are many disease organisms that can reduce corn yields in Kansas. One of the stealthiest is the root-lesion nematode (RLN) because it operates below ground on the roots and often has no specific, identifiable symptoms other than yield loss. It is present, at some level, in nearly all corn fields in the state. Historically the largest yield losses, which can exceed 40 percent in individual fields, occur in western Kansas where irrigated, no-till, continuous corn production systems in sandy soils are common. Learn more about when and how to inspect RLN in your corn field.
Plant analysis is an excellent diagnostic tool to help understand some of the variation among corn plants in the field. This testing can also be used for general monitoring or quality control purposes. There are different guidelines for tissue collection depending on how you plan to use the test results.
Corn earworm, fall armyworm, and western bean cutworm all can impact corn yields. These ear-feeding pests have largely been controlled through the use of Bt corn varieties. However, these pests have developed some resistance to the Bt traits. In light of this resistance, the EPA has proposed some changes regarding the use of Bt corn. Learn more in this article.
The majority of corn in Kansas has reached the reproductive stage or is close. Farmers can now start estimating the yield potential of their crop. This article discusses how to use the "yield component method" for estimating corn yields.
Many farmers across Kansas must make a decision on how to get the most from their drought-damaged corn this year. A number of factors should be considered when assigning a value to drought-damaged corn. Nutrient removal from the field is one key aspect since biomass can export significant amounts of nutrients.
The July heatwave came at a particularly critical period for the Kansas corn crop this year. Heat stress will have more of an impact on corn during the reproductive stage of growth when combined with drought stress. Stress conditions were very severe in parts of central, south central, and southeast Kansas.
Southern rust has been detected in northeast Kansas, making this the first report of 2022. The severity will be dependent on the weather. Southern rust likes 90-degree days, warm nights, and high humidity. Get answers to the most questions about southern rust in this article from K-State plant pathologist, Dr. Rodrigo Borba Onofre.
This year has been a challenging year for crop production, especially corn, with above-average temperatures and below-average rainfall. Minimizing yield losses during harvest operations is even more important. Harvest inefficiency reduces overall yield and can cause future problems because of volunteer corn
Corn has been growing in a hot and dry summer, which will certainly limit grain yield in 2022. Thus, adjusting combine settings can be very helpful in reducing yield loss during harvest operations. Now is the time to prepare for harvest by getting equipment in optimal operating conditions.
Since the end of June, rainfall has been sporadic and uneven across Kansas. In central and western Kansas, several corn fields under dryland conditions have been suffering a combination of drought and heat stress. Common symptoms of drought/heat stress in corn are discussed in this article.
Stalk lodging in corn occurs when the stalk weakens and breaks at some point below the ear. This results in harvest losses and slows down harvesting considerably. Stalk rots occur for a variety of reasons, ranging from disease organisms and environmental factors.
Tar spot of corn has been officially detected for the first time in Kansas. Two counties in northeast Kansas have confirmed cases of tar spot. Tar spot was first detected in the US in 2015 and has quickly spread thoughout the Midwest. Now is the critical time to identify fields with tar spot as these locations could be at a higher risk for 2023.
Aspergillus ear mold is favored by hot and dry conditions and is a concern for the 2022 Kansas corn season. Aspergillus can produce aflatoxin, a known carcinogen that is highly regulated by the Food and Drug Administration. Producers can reduce the incidence of aflatoxin and other mycotoxins after harvest by taking certain precautions.
Tar spot of corn has now been confirmed in five counties in northeast Kansas. Tar spot lesions are black, raised and have a round/elliptical shape. This pathogen can survive in crop residue. Producers are encouraged to scout any standing corn fields. Fields with confirmed causes should be harvested last if possible to mitigate disease spread.
Save the date for the 2023 Kansas Corn Schools. The Department of Agronomy and K-State Research and Extension, in partnership with Kansas Corn, are planning to host several Corn Schools in 2023. Dates and locations are set and agendas will be announced soon.
Planting corn later in the season increases the chances of receiving late-summer rains and reduces the effect of heat stress during flowering. However, final planting dates for crop insurance eligibility provide a limit for late planting. This article summarizes the resutls from a recent study on corn planting dates and frost risk in central and eastern Kansas.
Spring planting will be here soon! Check out this updated publication on corn management in Kansas. This comprehensive guide is written specifically for Kansas and offers guidelines to manage corn as efficiently and profitably as possible.
Residual herbicides that kill weed seeds/seedlings as they germinate or emerge are an important component of herbicide applications at or before the time of corn planting. Many cases of herbicide-resistant weeds have resulted from over-reliance on post-emergence herbicide applications, thus it is essential to include one or more residual herbicides available for corn.
The optimal corn seeding rate is a management factor that depends on the corn hybrid and its interaction with the environment. This article offers guidelines to help producers determine if their corn seeding rates need to be adjusted. Recommended seeding rates in this article attempt to account for the different growing environments in Kansas.
Starter fertilizer is typically considered as the placement of a small rate of fertilizer, usually nitrogen and phosphorus, near the seed at planting time. Producers can apply most of the nitrogen needed by corn at planting as long as the fertilizer placement provides enough soil separation between the fertilizer and the seed.
As the planting season for corn begins, producers need to decide their corn seeding rates. The plant density necessary to optimize yields depends on the expected resource availability, primarily water and nutrients. For 2023, the key factor is linked to water availability at planting and the precipitation forecast for this season.
Corn producers should be actively scouting for several fungal diseases including Southern rust, common rust, gray leaf spot, and tar spot. Scouting allows for the best assessment for timely and effective fungicide applications. Learn more in this article from Row Crop Disease Specialist Rodrigo Onofre.
Plant analysis for nutrients is an excellent in-season “quality control” tool. It can be especially valuable for managing secondary and micronutrients that do not have high-quality, reliable soil tests available. Plant analysis can be used for diagnostic purposes and to monitor nutrient levels at a certain growth stage. Learn more in this article about using this test for corn.
Severe thunderstorms and hail are nothing new to Kansas farmers. During this time of year, the threat level is high and parts of Kansas have already seen some destructive hail events in July. Many questions arise after hail events about the status of field crops. This article covers how to assess hail damage to corn.
Once pollination is complete or near completion, farmers can begin to estimate corn yield potential. To obtain a reasonable estimate, corn should be at least in the milk stage. This article discusses an approach to estimating corn yields - the yield component method. This approach uses a combination of known and projected yield components.
Kansas is in the midst of an impressive heat wave. The impact of this heat is causing concern, particularly related to corn development. This article compares this growing season to conditions in 2022, looking at the number of Stress Degree Days. What does this period of heat stress mean for the yield potential?
Drought-stressed crops such as corn and sorghum tend to accumulate high nitrate levels in the lower leaves and stalk of the plant. It is wise for producers to test their drought-stricken forage prior to harvest. Levels of nitrates can increase in drought-stressed plants after a rain and delaying harvest may be beneficial.
Southern rust in corn has officially been confirmed in Kansas for this growing season. As of August 3, six counties in central Kansas have confirmed cases of southern rust. Producers are encouraged to scout their fields and report any suspected disease outbreaks. Learn more in this article.
Tar spot of corn has been confirmed in five counties in Kansas. Fungicides are an effective tool for controlling tar spot if applied at the appropriate time. A well-timed, informed fungicide application will be important to reduce disease severity when it is needed. Learn more about if and when a fungicide application will be beneficial.
Southern corn rust continues to spread in the southern part of the US and is now detected in seven counties across central and eastern Kansas. This article lists the counties with confirmed cases of southern rust and answers some frequently asked questions related to this disease.
Tar spot is now active in all Kansas counties previously reported during the 2022 season, which was first detected late in the season on Sept. 15, 2022. Tar spot prevalence and severity seem to be much higher than in the 2022 season. Now is a critical time to identify fields with tar spot as these locations may be at higher risk for the disease next year.
Tar spot of corn continues to spread in northeast Kansas. To date, it has been confirmed in 12 counties, twice the number from when it was first detected in Kansas late last season. Tar spot prevalence and severity are much higher than in the 2022 season. Before harvest is a critical time to identify fields with tar spot.
Stalk lodging in corn occurs when the stalk weakens and breaks at some point below the ear. Lodging results in harvest losses and slows down harvesting considerably. Grain moisture levels may also be high in lodged corn. This article discusses some of the common causes of stalk lodging in corn.