First hollow stem update - March 13, 2023

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Cattle should be removed from wheat pastures when the crop reaches first hollow stem (FHS). Grazing past this stage can severely affect wheat yields (for a full explanation, please refer to the eUpdate article “Optimal time to remove cattle from wheat pastures: First hollow stem”).

First hollow stem update

In order to screen for FHS during this important time in the growing season, the K-State Extension Wheat and Forages crew measures FHS on a weekly basis in 22 different commonly grown wheat varieties in Kansas. The varieties are in a September-sown replicated trial at the South Central Experiment Field near Hutchinson.

Ten stems are split open per variety per replication (Figure 1), for a total of 40 stems monitored per variety. The average length of hollow stem is reported for each variety in Table 1. As of March 13, no variety had reached first hollow stem, but all varieties had started to elongate their stems. If temperatures are warm following the initiation of the first hollow stem elongation, varieties can reach first hollow stem fairly quick.
 

https://webapp.agron.ksu.edu/agr_social/lib/Filemanager/userfiles/02222017/eUpdate02222017-A02-F01.gif

Figure 1. Ten main wheat stems were split open per replication per variety to estimate first hollow stem for this report, for a total of 40 stems split per variety. Photo by Romulo Lollato, K-State Research and Extension.

 

Table 1. Length of hollow stem measured on February 22, 27, March 6, and 13, 2023 for 22 wheat varieties sown mid-September 2022 at the South Central Experiment Field near Hutchinson. The critical FHS length is 1.5 cm (about a half-inch or the diameter of a dime). Value(s) in bold indicate the highest FHS group.

 

 

First hollow stem (cm)

Variety

2/20/2023

2/27/2023

3/6/2023

3/13/2023

AM Cartwright

0

0

0.08

0.19

AP EverRock

0

0

0.08

0.29

AP Prolific

0

0

0.04

0.16

AP Roadrunner

0

0

0.06

0.28

AP18 AX

0

0

0.06

0.3

ARMOR EXP55

0

0

0.05

0.24

ARMOR EXP6 AX

0

0

0.05

0.29

CP7017 AX

0

0

0.06

0.29

CP7050 AX

0

0

0.06

0.27

CP7266 AX

0

0

0.07

0.2

CP7869

0

0

0.08

0.26

CP7909

0

0

0.11

0.23

KS Ahearn

0

0

0.09

0.21

KS Hatchett

0

0

0.06

0.18

KS Providence

0

0

0.07

0.2

LCS19DH-152-6

0

0

0.02

0.17

LCS Atomic AX

0

0

0.06

0.32

LCS Galloway AX

0

0

0.06

0.22

LCS Steel AX

0

0

0.05

0.25

Guardian

0

0

0.05

0.22

Kivari AX

0

0

0.08

0.21

Whistler

0

0

0.05

0.25

 

We will report first hollow stem during the next few weeks again until all varieties are past this stage. Additionally, first hollow stem is generally achieved within a few days from when the stem starts to elongate, so we advise producers to closely monitor their wheat pastures at this time.

The intention of this report is to provide producers an update on the progress of first hollow stem development in different wheat varieties. Producers should use this information as a guide, but it is extremely important to monitor FHS from an ungrazed portion of each individual wheat pasture to make the decision of removing cattle from wheat pastures.


Contact author:

Romulo Lollato, Wheat and Forages Specialist
lollato@ksu.edu

Co-authors:

Jorge Romero Soler, Visiting Assistant Scientist

Wallas Mendes da Silva, Visiting Undergraduate Assistant

Mariana Mota, Visiting Undergraduate Assistant

Luiz Otavio Pradella, Master Student


Tags:  wheat dual purpose first hollow stem 

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